Who Is the Author of the Book Social Contract

The French philosopher Voltaire uses his publications to criticize and mock Rousseau, but also to defend freedom of expression. In his Idées républicaines (1765), responding to the news that the social contract had been burned in Geneva, he said: “The operation of burning was perhaps as despicable as that of writing. […] To burn a book of arguments is to say, “We don`t have enough mind to answer.” [2] [3] The work was also banned in Paris. [4] In a famous passage of the social contract, Rousseau argued that such a person`s obligation to comply with the law is therefore nothing more than to “force him to be free.” On this basis, critics such as Benjamin Constant and Jacob Talmon accused Rousseau of being an authoritarian thinker and. . in Du Contrat social (1762; The social contract) such freedom is found in obedience to what Rousseau called the general will – a collective will aimed at the common good or the common interest. . in the Social Contract (1762; The Social Contract) with its examination of the principle of sovereignty, its critique of the divine right of kings and its formulation of a right of resistance. True freedom and equality, according to Rousseau, can only be established on the assumption of a people, that is.

The inscription of the work reads “foederis aequalis / Dicamus leges” (Virgil, Aeneid XI.321-22). The stated purpose of the Social Contract is to determine whether there can be legitimate political authority, since the interactions of the people he saw in his time seemed to put them in a much worse state than the good state in which they were in the state of nature, even if they lived in isolation. He concludes the first book, chapter three: “Let us then admit that violence does not create justice and that we are obliged to obey only legitimate powers”, that is, that the capacity for coercion is not a legitimate power, and that there is no legitimate duty to submit to it. A state has no right to enslave a conquered people. In this desired social contract, everyone will be free because they will all lose the same number of rights and impose the same obligations on all. Rousseau argues that it is absurd for a man to give up his freedom for slavery; Therefore, participants must have the right to choose the laws under which they live. Although the treaty imposes new laws, including those that protect and regulate property, there are restrictions on how these assets can be legitimately claimed. His example with the earth includes three conditions; that the land is uninhabited, that the owner claims only what is necessary for subsistence, and that work and culture give legitimacy to the property. . Buch, Du Contrat social (1762; The social contract) to propose how they could regain their freedom in the future. Once again, Geneva was the model: not Geneva, as it had become in 1754, when Rousseau returned to regain its rights as a citizen, but Geneva as it had once been – that is, ,.

Émile de Rousseau (1762) and Du contrat social (1762; The Social Contract) turned out to be revolutionary documents, and his Considerations on the Government of Poland (1782; Reflections on the Polish Government) contains desperate but often valuable reflections on specific problems. . social contract, from 1762 (see Social Contract), in which it is maintained that the individual finds his true being and freedom only in submission to the “general will” of the community. In the early 19th century, the German philosopher G.W.F. Hegel was argued that the individual recognizes his true essence and. The Social Contract, originally published as On the Social Contract; Français ou Principes du droit politique by Jean-Jacques Rousseau, is a 1762 book in which Rousseau theorizes the best way to establish a political community in the face of the problems of commercial society that he had already identified in his Discourse on Inequality (1755). . in Du contrat social (1762; The Social Contract), a work less widespread before 1789, but even more symptomatic of change. His social contract (1762) was banned, which gave glamour to proposals for a constitution that would allow the individual to develop without violating the principle of social equality. The crucial issue was legitimate authority.

Rousseau rejected both natural law and power as a basis. The social contract has helped to stimulate political reforms or revolutions in Europe, especially in France. .